YAKUGAKU ZASSHI
Online ISSN : 1347-5231
Print ISSN : 0031-6903
ISSN-L : 0031-6903
Advance online publication
Showing 1-2 articles out of 2 articles from Advance online publication
  • Tamaki Miyazaki, Yukio Aso, Yukihiro Goda
    Article ID: 21-00160
    Published: 2021
    [Advance publication] Released: October 13, 2021
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS ADVANCE PUBLICATION

    The crystallization of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in matrix-type transdermal patches has implications for the rate of drug absorption through the skin and patch adhesion strength. Therefore, the presence or absence and the degree of API crystallinity must be controlled to guarantee the quality of patches. In this study, the utility of laboratory-level X-ray diffractometers for the detection and analysis of crystalline APIs in transdermal patches was investigated using medical patches of tulobuterol and isosorbide dinitrate. Several matrix-type patches employ a controlled drug delivery system containing intentionally crystallized API. Both benchtop and high-resolution laboratory X-ray diffractometers can detect several characteristic peaks of the APIs in these patches even if the patches are wrapped in an outer bag, although a benchtop model provides peak heights one-seventh to one-fifth that of a high-resolution instrument. An isosorbide dinitrate patch containing an unintentionally crystallized spot was wrapped in an outer bag, followed by measurements using both X-ray diffractometers. For both instruments, several isosorbide dinitrate-derived peaks were detected only at the crystallized spot, although the signal-to-noise ratio was poorer for the benchtop model. These results show that a high-resolution X-ray diffractometer is advantageous for high-detection sensitivity and offers a high degree of freedom of the measurement position on the sample. It was concluded that a laboratory-level high-resolution X-ray diffractometer can be used to examine the crystalline state of APIs in patches inside an unopened outer bag.

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  • Kaori IIDA, Tomoki ISHIDA, Norihiro NISHIMURA
    Article ID: 21-00183
    Published: 2021
    [Advance publication] Released: October 08, 2021
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS ADVANCE PUBLICATION

    The spread of COVID-19 has re-affirmed the crucial importance of the pharmaceuticals industry in improving the level of citizens' health and medical care, as well as the industry's importance in terms of contribution to economic growth and tax revenues. Although some time has passed since the importance of industry-academia collaboration was first raised in relation to the creation of innovative new drugs and the continuation of global competitiveness, conflicts between academia and companies have also been highlighted as barriers that hinder efforts to promote the practical realization of academia-initiated seeds. The authors have hypothesized that conflicts between academia and companies can be attributed to the vulnerability of innovation creation environments, including drug discovery, on the academia side, insufficient awareness concerning human resources that will undertake industry-academia operations, and inadequate development of structures. Consequently, we implemented fact-finding investigations in relation to universities and public research institutions in Japan, with the objective of ascertaining the actual status of innovation creation environments, including drug discovery, on the academia side. From the results of these investigations, we will clarify the issues that may present barriers to innovation creation, and consider policies, etc. for the enhancement of innovation creation environments.

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