JAPEX was awarded to develop Garraf Oil Field (located in the southern part of Iraq) in the Iraq second bidding round in December, 2009. This is the first oil development project as a Japanese oil company that was entered into Iraq after the war. It seemed to have many obstacles when the project was started, which were including but not limited to local contractors with low technical level workers and the Iraq's inefficient governmental processes because of the early stage in its developmental stage after the war. However, we have achieved first oil production with completing the early production facilities of 100 Kbbl in August 2013. Since then, the production continues constantly in this southern area through 2014 without any interruptions by a political crisis of national election in April and by an invasion by Islamic State (IS) in the northern territory in June. This article reports the front line of oil resource development under the unstable and risky global situations.