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全文: "在日本朝鮮人総聯合会"
14件中 1-14の結果を表示しています
  • 申 昌沫
    社会言語科学
    2000年 3 巻 1 号 39-42
    発行日: 2000/12/31
    公開日: 2017/04/27
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 中根 隆行
    比較文学
    2009年 51 巻 130-134
    発行日: 2009/03/31
    公開日: 2017/06/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 芦田 徹郎
    ソシオロジ
    1993年 37 巻 3 号 169-177
    発行日: 1993/02/28
    公開日: 2017/02/15
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 椿(高) 知恵
    国際保健医療
    2013年 28 巻 4 号 317-325
    発行日: 2013/12/20
    公開日: 2014/01/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    目的
    保健室が設置されておらず養護教諭が常駐していない朝鮮初級学校に子どもを通わせる保護者の、家庭での性に関する教育の実施状況と学校での性教育へのニーズを明らかにし、朝鮮学校に通う生徒の特徴を踏まえた系統だった初級学校での性教育に向けての基礎的な資料を得ることを目的とする。
    方法
    大阪、京都の朝鮮初級学校の4、5、6年に子どもが在籍している保護者を対象に、無記名自記式質問紙調査を行った。調査期間は2012年6月~11月、調査内容は属性、家庭での性に関する教育の必要性と実施状況、学校での性教育の必要性、などの計20項目である。
    結果
    質問紙は8校の初級学校で289部配布し、回収数49部(回収率17.0%)、有効回答45部(有効回答率15.6%)であった。家庭での性に関する教育を「必要」だと回答した者は42名(93.4%)で、実施すべき時期は「中学」が27名(64.3%)と最多で、次いで「小学6年」19名(45.2%)であった。家庭で必要な性に関する教育の内容は「生命の大切さ」28名(62.2%)、「男女の体の違い」26名(57.7%)が多かった。家庭での性に関する教育実施状況は「実施している」17名(37.7%)、「実施していない」27名(60.1%)であり、実施している者17名の実施時期では「小学4年」が8名(47.0%)、内容では「男女の体の違い」12名(70.6%)が最も多かった。学校での性教育の必要性は45名全員が「必要」と回答しており、適していると考える学校での性教育実施時期は、「小学6年」25名(55.5%)が最も多く、希望する内容は「男女のからだの違い」41名(91.1%)や「生命の大切さ」33名(73.3%)が多かった。希望する性教育実施者は外部講師(看護師、保健師、助産師)が42名(93.3%)で最多であった。
    結論
    家庭での性に関する教育は「必要」だと考える保護者が多いにも関わらず、実施できているものは少ないという本調査の結果から、子ども達が性についての正しい知識を持ち、自分を守るためには、学校での性教育が重要な位置を占めると言える。朝鮮初級学校では、看護師・助産師などの外部の医療専門職者による教育が求められていること、教員や保護者からの在日医療人への期待が大きいことなどから、このテーマにおける在日韓国・朝鮮人医療専門職者の役割は大きいと考えられた。
  • 村上 しほり
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2013年 78 巻 693 号 2433-2438
    発行日: 2013/11/30
    公開日: 2014/07/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The railroad viaduct remained unburned in the city area burnt to the ground by Great Kobe Air Raids. People of war damage gathered at the railroad underpass before the end of the war, and the food street vendor appeared after the end of the war. Merchants increased rapidly and have begun to build the temporary shelter of the house and the store. They formed a mall while develop a fight for right before long. From August to October in 1946, an organization called the association of Korean free merchants built the mall called the Sannomiya “international market” at the Sannomiya east district. In this study, I examine the formation and the transformation process of the new mall the “international market” formed by the black market's movement.
  • 河 明生
    経営史学
    1998年 33 巻 2 号 50-74_1
    発行日: 1998/09/25
    公開日: 2009/11/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    It is said that religious and ethnic minorities tend to have an advantage over majority in making profit. However, there seems to be no established theory to explain the reasons for this tendency. The purpose of this article is to clarify this tendency through an analysis of ethnic personality.
    It is difficult for Japanese to recognize the existence of the Korean first generation in Japan who have superiority in the moneymaking activity.
    Because it is almost impossible for Japanese to differentiate Koreans from Japanese in outward appearance and they use Japanese name when they are in business. For example, Takeo Shigemitsu the founder of Lotte Co., Ltd. and Hisakichi Yamaguchi the founder of Daiwa-seikan Co., Ltd., ets.
    There was the ethnical discrimination in employment against Koreans. There was nochoice except lowly tasks, they had to set up business on their own. This circumstance focused not only their but also the next generations' capabilities on a certain industry.
    The Korean first generation in Japan have ethnocentric idea and take a special pride in their noble ancestors. Their value is based on traditional Korean Confucianism that they have been taught. This teaching worked effectively as a warrentable excuse and motivation when they started business. They had a will to invest in their mother country in order that they may return or send something home with fortune and honor. This became the entrepreneurship of the Korean first generation in Japan.
    But the second and the third generation differs from the first generation in personality, because they were assimilated into Japanese. This resulted in decline in their ability as entrepreneurship.
    This fact proves that the difference in ethnic personality in one society is one of the most important factor in establishing the entrepreneurship.
  • 高林 敏之
    アフリカ研究
    2010年 2010 巻 76 号 31-38
    発行日: 2010/03/31
    公開日: 2013/10/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    本稿は,日本にとって最も近い隣国でありながら,ほとんど研究がなされていない朝鮮民主主義人民共和国(北朝鮮)の対アフリカ関係に関する試論である。その特異な国家体制ゆえに,また日本を含む先進諸国との疎遠ないし敵対的な関係ゆえに,北朝鮮は「国際社会において孤立した国家」であるといった安易なイメージで捉えられがちである。しかしながら北朝鮮は,「第三世界」の一員として,国際社会において一定の地位を確保してきた。とりわけ,北朝鮮と最も緊密な関係を築き,同国外交における最有力の基盤であったアフリカとの関係を分析することは,北朝鮮外交をより実際的に理解するうえで有益であろう。しかしながら,北朝鮮の極度に独裁的かつ閉鎖的な体制ゆえに,同国の外交について実証的に研究するのは容易なことではない。本稿ではまず,筆者が2007年および2008年に訪問した,同国妙香山に立地する「国際親善展覧館」における,アフリカ諸国と北朝鮮との関係に関する展示内容について紹介する。その展示内容から,北朝鮮が対アフリカ外交政策において,「新家産主義」的ないし「個人支配」的権威主義体制,さらに民族解放運動との緊密な関係を重視していたことが読み取れよう。次に北朝鮮の対アフリカ関係の発展を4期に区分して概観し,その盛衰の背後にある要因を検証する。
  • 孫・片田 晶
    社会学評論
    2016年 67 巻 3 号 285-301
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2017/12/31
    ジャーナル フリー

    戦後の公立学校では, 法的に「外国人」とされた在日朝鮮人の二世・三世に対し, どのような「問題」が見出されてきたのだろうか. 在日朝鮮人教育の運動・言説は, 1970年代以降全国的な発展を見せるが, そこでは「民族」としての人間形成を剝奪されているとされた児童生徒の意識やありようの「問題」 (教師が想定するところの民族性や民族的自覚の欠如) に専ら関心が注がれてきた. こうした教育言説をその起源へ遡ると, 1960年代までの日教組全国教研集会 (教研) での議論がその原型となっている.

    1950年代後半から60年代の教研では, 在日朝鮮人教育への視角に大きな変容が生じた. その背景には帰国運動など一連の日朝友好運動と日本民族・国民教育運動の政治が存在していた. この時期の教育論には, 親や子どもの声に耳を傾け, 学校・地域での疎外, 進路差別, 貧困などの逆境に配慮し, その社会環境を問題化する教育保障の立場と, 学校外の政治運動が要請する課題と連動した, 民族・国民としての主体形成の欠落を問題化する立場が存在していた. 当初両者は並存関係にあったが, 上記の政治の影響下で60年代初頭には後者が圧倒的に優勢となった. その結果, 「日本人教師」が最も重視すべきは「同化」の問題とされ, 「日本人」とは本質的に異質な民族・国民としての意識・内実の “回復” を中核的な課題とする在日朝鮮人教育言説が成立した.

  • 林 瑛香
    マス・コミュニケーション研究
    2014年 84 巻 151-168
    発行日: 2014/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    Neutrality and objectivity are basic and central norms in professional journalism and Japanese mass media journalism always place a high value on them. However, diversity and balance have become increasingly important in international journalism ethics and standards, because establishing clear definitions of neutrality and objectivity has become more difficult in today's diverse society that contains various cultures and values. Although ethical changes have emerged and accompany globalization, Japanese mass media journalism has not paid enough attention to the role of ethnic minorities or foreigners within the mass media. Thus, there is a discrepancy between Japanese mass media journalism and trends in international journalism ethics and standards. Therefore, this study aims to explore how this conflict influences minority journalists in Japanese mainstream media. In addition, the accumulation of studies in the United States shows that even though minority journalists are encouraged to adopt viewpoints as a minority in journalism, they indeed struggle with a personal dilemma between the nature of being a minority and the ideal of meeting professional needs. This article investigates how compatible this case is in regard to Japanese minority journalists by interviewing Zainichi (ethnic Korean residents of Japan) journalists in the Japanese mainstream media. Zainichi are one of the largest ethnic minority groups in Japan. As a result, this study found that Zainichi journalists struggle with the dilemma as expected from previous research. However, unlike in the United States, Zainichi journalists utilize their advantage as an ethnic minority in their journalism. Thus, in the process of utilizing their ethnicity, they struggle with other difficulties that do not occur in the United States.
  • 丁 智恵
    マス・コミュニケーション研究
    2013年 82 巻 111-131
    発行日: 2013/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    This research examines how the image of the Other excluded from "national memory" was represented in Japanese television documentaries of the 1950s and 1960s as well as clarifies how intellectuals, journalists, and filmmakers had to resist the contradiction and incoherence of linking "public memory" with "national memory." After World War II, Japan's political, economic and social systems, which had maintained continuity before and during the war, were shaken substantially. Japanese recognition of their role in the war as promoted by the American General Headquarters lacked awareness of the perspective of the Asian nations Japan colonized. Nevertheless, critical television documentaries were made one after another during this time. This paper first examines how Asia's political, economic, and social history as well as changes in the skills and techniques necessary for making television programs influenced the representation of Korea in television documentaries. It then examines the changes in said representation by analyzing program images and interviewing the directors of several television documentary programs. First is Nihon no Sugao: Nihon no Naka no Chosen [The Real Japan: Korea in Japan] (1959: NHK), which was the first television documentary after the end of the war to focus on Koreans in Japan (Zainichi). Second is Daitokai no Ama [Women Divers in the Big City] (1965: Asahi Broadcast), which was made by Japan's first Korean television director. Finally, some documentary programs which portray Korean soldiers who were mobilized as part of the Japanese Army during the war are studied, including Wasurerareta Kogun [Forgotten Imperial Soldiers] (1963: Nihon Broadcast) , directed by Nagisa Oshima. Based on the findings of this study, I concluded that few documentary programs focused on Korea in the early days of television in Japan; however, those that did exist expressed some signs of responsibility for Japanese imperialism and colonialism in Korea.
  • 松浦 正伸
    国際政治
    2017年 2017 巻 187 号 187_80-187_96
    発行日: 2017/03/25
    公開日: 2017/05/23
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    How do we apply history in politics? The purpose of this paper is to analyze how recognition in civil society, such as perception of history, plays a role in public opinion and parliamentary government. To clarify this research question, incorporating a political concept into the analysis, this paper focused on roles of the General Association of Korean Residents (Chongryon) and the North Korean Lobby and looked into the backgrounds in the repatriation massively expanded between 1959 and 1961.

    Before repatriation movements started, changes of organization structures were observed in the Chongryon and they began to speak in favor of North Korea. Simultaneously, the nature of the Niccho-Kyokai (日朝協会), which had been taking a politically neutral position, also began to change. They began to be a lobbying group in order to support the North Korean foreign diplomacy against Japan.

    Applying a concept of “Pseudo Environment” defined by Walter Lippmann as a subjective, biased, and abridged mental image of the world, this section reflected on influences of the two key players over North Korean residents in Japan and Japanese public opinion. The analysis found a social trend with regards to repatriation issues being manipulated by a correlation of three components in the Pseudo Environment: (1) unified perception of history, (2) motherland-oriented nationalism, and (3) economic rationality.

    Based on a data-mining method, the influences of the Pseudo Environment in the Diet were analyzed. The penetration of such an environment into civil society assisted the Diet members with the repatriation project being recognized ethically and humanitarianly. Therefore, intentions of the North Korean strategies against South Korea were insufficiently discussed.

    The Pseudo Environment lost its effect as (1) demand of mobilization was weakened, (2) activities were diversified among the North Korean Lobby, and (3) information about North Korea was brought by returnees, and gaps were gradually closed between the Pseudo Environment and reality.

    As a result of the Pseudo Environment effectively created by the two players among the North Korean residents in Japan and in the Japanese public opinion, one-sided recognition of North Korean strategies influenced civil society and parliamentary government to bring the mass repatriation out. This analysis also concludes that a nation is capable of controlling a social trend in other countries via intermediaries from outside of its country taking advantage of certain recognition. When we see international relations in East Asia, perception of history is an ongoing issue and has been more complex. This indicates that more case studies will be expected on how history has been utilized in politics.

  • 金 知榮
    年報社会学論集
    2012年 2012 巻 25 号 49-60
    発行日: 2012/09/10
    公開日: 2015/06/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper aims to delve into the process of the “Zainichization” of “Zainichi Koreans” in the 1980s through the problem of employment as a “Zainichi Korean.” The reason why I focus on the issue of employment is that it is an important factor for the second generation of “Zainichi Koreans” to live in Japan as a permanent resident. It is also an indicator of integration into Japanese society. To analyze the employment problem, I used interview data and articles from famous “Zainichi Koreans” magazines such as the “Sanzenri” and “Uri-seikatsu” which were published in 1980s. I scrutinized this data into the two aspects of “personal effort” and “generation gap.” The most definite finding of this study is that attempting to get a job was not only an “individual practice” for “Zainichi Koreans” but also a “structural practice” which helped to build a bridge between Japanese society and “Zainichi Koreans.”
  • 李 洪章
    日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究
    2010年 6 巻 57-65
    発行日: 2010/09/12
    公開日: 2018/12/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this article 'I' as an involved party among the Korean residents in Japan or from the records of my struggle experienced as a researcher refer to how I have been seeking my positionality through the relationships with my clients who are born to a parent of a Korean resident in Japan and a Japanese, a so-called "double." As a Korean resident in Japan, 'I' have been thinking about all the strangeness I had felt, including the strangeness to the sense of "the person concerned" which the community of the Korean residents in Japan that I also belong to, premises in the strangeness of the clients' way of talking or the strangeness of the "research of the person concerned." Currently 'I' believe that only by talking, not on the basis of being as an involved person but of "the individual person concerned," I can build a dialogical relationships with my clients, and furthermore, only by continuing the attitude against that of just "writing papers" that may function to open the dialogical channel with the readers.
  • 尹 成秀
    教育心理学研究
    2016年 64 巻 4 号 492-504
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2017/02/01
    ジャーナル フリー
     本研究は在日コリアン青年の心理学的問題について, 対人関係における体験に焦点化し検討を行ったものである。在日コリアン青年14名に対してエピソード・インタビューを行い, 得られた語りをグラウンデッド・セオリー・アプローチを用いて分析した。その結果, [日本人との関係における体験], [在日コリアン同士の関係における体験]についてのカテゴリー関連統合図が作成された。
     考察では, 在日コリアン青年は日本人との間でも在日コリアン同士の間でも, 相手との差異を認識した際に相手が差異に対して否定的な態度であると想定し, 自身もその差異を望ましくないものとして意味づけている可能性が示唆された。そして, そのために彼らには相手からの評価や相手との関係が悪化する不安, 疎外感, 劣等感が生じる可能性が考えられた。しかし同時に, 在日コリアンであることを知ってもらいたいなどの相反する情緒も生じるために, 差異をめぐる状況で葛藤が生じることが示唆された。また, そうした状況で彼らは自身の認識や気持ちとは異なる相手に合わせた対応を行う場合もあることが見出された。この体験は彼らの対人関係のなかで反復されるものであり, 中核的な問題の1つであると考えられた。
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