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全文: "女子大小路"
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  • 日本エイズ学会誌
    2002年 4 巻 4 号 222-226
    発行日: 2002/11/20
    公開日: 2010/07/21
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 阿部 亮吾
    人文地理
    2003年 55 巻 4 号 307-329
    発行日: 2003/08/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper argues the issue of female migrant workers who have been remarkable under the globalization, particularly paying attention to the condition of Filipino women, because the Republic of Philippines has been systematizing and promoting the exportation of manpower, and sending many Filipino female domestic workers to developed areas in Asia, the Middle East, and other western countries. However, Japan excludes domestic workers selectively through its strict immigration policy. As result, a great number of Filipino females who come to Japan are only entertainers like dancers and singers. In this context, Japan is unique compared with other countries. Most entertainers work at Philippine Pubs in different cities all over Japan. Therefore, the unique urban nightscapes of Philippine Pubs are built in local urban spaces.
    I explored the politics of space of Philippine Pubs, which is an important component of local urban space, and the politics of positioning Filipino female entertainers who work there, through a case study of Sakae Walk Street where many Philippine Pubs are located in Nagoya City.
    First, my study showed that the present location of Philippine Pubs in Sakae Walk Street used to be an entertainment area (Snack town) in the outskirt of downtown Sakae District. With the decline of this area, Philippine Pubs, where cheaper and younger entertainers are a main character, started to mushroom and eventually replaced the old entertainment town.
    Second, my study revealed that two agents concerning the formation of this space of Philippine Pubs in Sakae Walk Street have respectively constructed each representations of 'ethnicity' of the entertainers. Employers and talent agencies have constructed this 'ethnicity' showing imaginative geographies of exotic, sexual and southern countries, through the formation of space, particularly aspects of landscape-appearance, standing signboards, advertising boards-. Immigration/police have doubly constructed 'ethnicity' as 'victims' or 'wrongdoers' through the formation of space of control against this space of Philippine Pubs by executing the surveillance and exposure activities around Ikeda Park. Local inhabitants in Sakae Walk Street also support these activities.
    In conclusion, I hope to suggest that the politics of the formation of local space of Philippine Pubs, being mutually compositional with the politics of the social construction of representations about 'ethnicity', is one of the processes of othering entertainer. And also, the spaces, which two above-mentioned agents have formed, are mutually negotiative rather than parallel. This makes the politics of the formation of this space of Philippine Pubs and also the process of othering entertainers multidimensional.
  • 高畑 幸
    社会学評論
    2012年 62 巻 4 号 504-520
    発行日: 2012/03/31
    公開日: 2013/11/22
    ジャーナル フリー
    本稿は, グローバリゼーションに伴い新たに創出された地域性としての異種混交化 (町村2006) が進む地域において, そこで生まれる新しい社会問題や社会的緊張の緩和に移民女性たちが果たしてきた役割を明らかにすることを目的とする.
    名古屋市中区の繁華街・栄東地区は, 1980年代初頭からフィリピン人女性の就労が多かった場所である. ここでは, 1997年からフィリピン人の組織化が進み, 2000年には複数の組織が合同で事務所を借りて「フィリピン人移住者センター (Filipino Migrants Center: FMC)」を開設した.
    ここは, 繁華街における外国人コミュニティの中で, 日本社会の一番近くにある「窓」として機能する. そして彼女らはインナーシティの地域活性化への人的資源ともなってきた. その背景には, 移民女性に特徴的な「弱者性」が定住を促進したこと, また日本の政策・施策も「外国人の定住と多文化共生の地域づくり」の担い手を必要としてきたことがある.
    すなわち, 栄東地区においては, 剥奪的状況に置かれた移民女性と地元住民・行政との結合的関係がまず作られ, 彼らの「共生事業=窓」を通じて関係が保たれた. そして, 地域で移民男性が関わる問題が発生すると, その窓を利用して彼らと地域住民との対話が図られ, 地域が抱える新たな社会問題や社会的緊張への解決が試みられてきたと言えよう.
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