詳細検索結果
以下の条件での結果を表示する:
全文: "飛行機恐怖症"
3件中 1-3の結果を表示しています
  • 大澤 幸生
    人工知能
    2005年 20 巻 3 号 258
    発行日: 2005/05/01
    公開日: 2020/09/29
    解説誌・一般情報誌 フリー
  • 小山 博史
    日本内科学会雑誌
    2020年 109 巻 1 号 100-106
    発行日: 2020/01/10
    公開日: 2021/01/10
    ジャーナル フリー

    バーチャルリアリティ(virtual reality:VR)技術と拡張現実(augmented reality:AR)技術の飛躍的進歩と低価格化により,解剖学や看護教育,心的外傷後ストレス障害や幻肢痛等の治療法への応用の期待が高まっている.VR技術とは,主にコンピュータグラフィックス技術や実動画の撮影によって現実世界と類似した仮想世界を作成し,感覚受容器に提示(ディスプレイ)し,仮想世界での体験を可能とする技術である.一方,AR技術は,現実世界に仮想モデル(臓器モデル等)を提示する技術とされる.人工的感覚刺激は,現実世界の感覚刺激と比較して精度が低いにもかかわらず,ヒトはなぜ,仮想世界に存在するような感覚を得るのであろうか.さらに,近年注目されている認知症患者を疑似体験する一人称VR体験において,ヒトはなぜ共感を得るのか.VR技術による仮想世界の体験で生じる現象とその医療応用について,脳科学との関係も含め概説する.

  • 川野 通夫
    心身医学
    1978年 18 巻 5 号 347-352
    発行日: 1978/10/01
    公開日: 2017/08/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    This is a case od phobia successfully treated by the application of behavior therapy.The patient was a forty-two year old married woman. Four years previously she had experienced an attack of palpitation and tachycardia upon being injected with streptomycin, and two years preciously she had experienced the same attack upon being injected with narcotics by dentist. After that, palpitation occurred frequently.Owing to a strang fear of death, and that the attack might happen again, she became unable to remain alone at home, eat food or do her daily necessary tasks. She develped a fear of riding in buses, street cars and elevators. That is, the conditioned fear which had been provoked by streptomycin and narcotics had widely been generalized not only to medicines, but also to daily necessaries and foodstuffs which seemed to contain chemicals or smelt of medicines. Consequently, the attack and the behavior disturbances had been reinforced by this.As my efforts in psychotherapy by persuasion and support and the pharmacotherapy by minor tranquilizers proved unsuccessful in her treatment. I decided to use systematic desensitization-a branch of behavior therapy. In the procedure of systematic desensitizatin, I followed Wolpe's method. The desensitization was done partially through having her imagine herself in sensitive situations and partially facing these situations in reality.This desensitization process was carried out for sixty days and she then was able to stay at home by herself, do daily necessary tasks and eat normally.At present three years treatment, shi is quite free from her former symptoms and has not developed symptom substitution.
feedback
Top