1986 年 1 巻 p. 34-61
Comparing between two periods when Muslim=Copt conflict arose: 1906-19 and 1972-81, this article re-examines the rise and accommodation of the conflict that has been widely regarded to be the ethno-religious. The analysis of both cross-ethnic and intra-ethnic tension is conducted so as to delineate the transformation, not the primordium, of group identity in both communities. This article argues that the change in group identity took place in the course of socio-economic changes. In each period of concern, socio-economic transformations challenged the traditional political structure, and triggered the re-alignment of cooperation and conflict within as well as between the Muslims and the Copts. Although the "emergence" of conflict between the Copts and Muslims seems to indicate the symbolic importance of religion, the actual process analized in this article illustrates that neither community is monolithic. It was not nationalism/communalism but fundamentalism , both Islamic and Christian, that can attract the people whose interests were infringed under the new nation-state system.