Article ID: cr.18-00275
We describe a 36-year-old asymptomatic female with multiple bronchial artery aneurysms (BAAs) and a bronchial artery (BA) to pulmonary artery (PA) fistula. She was treated with thoracoscopic BA resection without lobectomy in lieu of catheter embolization as first-line treatment. The configuration of the BA and the location of the BAAs were clearly visualized using three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT); therefore, the segment of the BA to resect was assessed preoperatively and complete resection of all BAAs was performed. Preoperative BA angiography delineated the BA to PA fistula, and guided surgical decision-making.