Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Online ISSN : 2186-1005
Print ISSN : 1341-1098
ISSN-L : 1341-1098
Effect of Autotransfusion Using Intraoperative Predonated Autologous Blood on Coagulopathy during Thoracic Aortic Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Ryo SuzukiAkihito MikamoYuutaro MatsunoAkira FujitaHiroshi KurazumiAtsuo YamashitaKimikazu Hamano
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: oa.19-00106

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Abstract

Background: Intraoperative predonated autologous blood transfusion is thought to replenish platelets and coagulation factors and ameliorate coagulopathy. This study aimed to evaluate whether intraoperative predonated autotransfusion improves coagulopathy during thoracic aortic surgery.

Methods: Patients who underwent thoracic aortic surgery were randomized into two groups as follows: those who received intraoperative predonated blood (group A: n = 31) and those who did not receive (group N: n = 22). In group A, autologous blood was retransfused immediately after cessation of cardiopulmonary bypass (c-CPB).

Results: The mean intraoperative allogenic blood or blood product transfusion requirements were significantly lesser in group A than in group N (packed red blood cells [RBCs]: 6.3 ± 5.1 vs. 9.1 ± 4.3 units, p = 0.04; fresh frozen plasma [FFP]: 3.0 ± 4.1 vs. 6.1 ± 5.7 units, p = 0.03). After c-CPB, hemoglobin (Hb) level, platelet count, and coagulopathy became significantly worse than those at the start of surgery in both the groups. However, the values significantly improved 30 min after c-CPB only in group A. Renal function was significantly worse in group N.

Conclusions: Intraoperative predonated autotransfusion significantly improved coagulopathy, with reduced allogeneic blood transfusion volume during thoracic aortic surgery. Furthermore, reduction of allogeneic blood transfusion may reduce the adverse effects on renal function.

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© 2019 The Editorial Committee of Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

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