2004 年 55 巻 1 号 p. 56-69
I analyze the environmental sculpture of Michael Heizer's "trace" by his action in the desert and create the connection between Art and Archeology. The "Trace" has multiple meanings. The notion of "Displacement" which is related to "Trace", is defined as the displacement of the people, objects and matter. "Displacement" denotes the replacement or transfer. 1) I situate the historic context which has made the foundation for the interdisciplinary theory between actual art and archeology through the exchange of information of American art historians and anthropologists.2) I analyze the relation of the contemporary Land art and the notion of "Colossal", which also has multiple meanings, issued from 18th century philosophy of the Sublime, as evidence of connection between art and archeology. I also analyze "Diffracted Gestalt", the key concept in understanding the works of M. Heizer 3) I analyze the notion of "Displacement", in three cases: (1)Monument, (2)Connection of art and archeology, and (3)Copy. 4) 1 consider the actions of M. Heizer as ritual and analyze the meaning of his individual ritualistic action, referring the American Indian's ritual in the art context.