2001 Volume 24 Issue 10 Pages 1117-1121
Cytotoxic effects of six isoflavonoids, tectorigenin, glycitein, tectoridin, glycitin, 6''-O-xylosyltectoridin, and 6''-O-xylosylglycitin isolated from the flower of Pueraria thunbergiana BENTH. together with genistein, a known differentiation and apoptosis inducer, were examined. Among these isoflavonoids, tectorigenin and genistein exhibited cytotoxicity against various human cancer cells; glycitein showed only mild cytotoxicity. These results suggest that the isoflavone structure and 5-hydroxyl group are crucial for the cytotoxic properties and that glycosides are inactive. Moreover, tectorigenin induced differentiation of human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells to granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages, and caused apoptotic changes of DNA in the cells, as did genistein. Tectorigenin also inhibited autophosphorylation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor by EGF and decreased the expression of Bcl-2 protein, with less activity than genistein. From these results, tectorigenin may be a possible therapeutic agent for leukemia.