2003 年 26 巻 11 号 p. 1609-1613
Hange-koboku-to (Banxia-houpo-tang), a Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicine, has been used for improvement of hoarse voice, something foreign body sensation in the throat and/or esophagus, and swallowing reflex, among other conditions. One of the mechanisms of the empirical effects is assumed to be due to local changes in neuropeptide levels locally. We investigated the effects of Hange-koboku-to on neuropeptides, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P, somatostatin, and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in plasma and saliva, as well as on salivary secretion in healthy subjects. A single oral administration of Hange-koboku-to caused significant increases in substance P-immunoreactive substance (IS) (40 min) in plasma, and slightly increased in CGRP-IS and somatostatin-IS in plasma compared with placebo. In saliva neuropeptides, Hange-koboku-to caused significant increases in substance P-IS (20 min) and somatostatin-IS (40, 60 min), and a slight increase in VIP-IS. However, a single Hange-koboku-to stimulation did not have a significant effect of sialosis volume. These results seem to suggest that Hange-koboku-to improves hoarse voice, something foreign body sensation in the throat and esophagus, and swallowing reflex disorder, by stimulation of neuropeptidergic nerves locally.