Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Effects of Sesamin on Aortic Oxidative Stress and Endothelial Dysfunction in Deoxycorticosterone Acetate-Salt Hypertensive Rats
Daisuke NakanoChie ItohFumie IshiiHideaki KawanishiMasanori TakaokaYoshinobu KisoNobuo TsuruokaTakaharu TanakaYasuo Matsumura
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2003 Volume 26 Issue 12 Pages 1701-1705

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Abstract

In the present study, we evaluated the relationship between the antihypertensive effect of sesamin, a lignan from sesame oil, and its antioxidative activity in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. After a 5-week treatment period, systolic blood pressure was significantly elevated in normal diet-fed DOCA-salt animals compared with cases in sham-operated animals. Sesamin feeding, tempol (a superoxide dismutase mimetic) treatment or antihypertensive drugs combination (triple therapy; reserpine, hydralazine, hydrochlorothiazide) significantly suppressed the development of DOCA-salt-induced hypertension. Compared with sham-operated rats, the normal diet-fed DOCA-salt rats revealed marked increases in aortic superoxide (O2) production. These increases in O2 production were significantly suppressed by sesamin feeding or tempol treatment, but not by triple therapy. Acetylcholine (Ach)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation was markedly decreased in normal diet-fed DOCA-salt rats, compared with cases in sham-operated rats. Sesamin feeding and triple therapy significantly improved the DOCA-salt-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation. However, tempol treatment had no effect on the impaired vasodilator responses induced by DOCA-salt treatment. In DOCA-salt rats with or without sesamin feeding, systolic blood pressure significantly correlated with both aortic O2 production and endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation. These findings suggest that sesamin feeding inhibits the enhancement of aortic O2 production in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats, and this effect may contribute to the antihypertensive effect of sesamin. Sesamin feeding-induced improvement of endothelial dysfunction seems to result from the above antioxidative and antihypertensive effects.

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© 2003 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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