Volume 28 (2005) Issue 12 Pages 2235-2239
Telmisartan is the most recently marketed angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist. Drug–drug interactions involving transporters can directly affect the therapeutic safety and efficacy of many important drugs. In clinical practice, telmisartan is coadministered with many kinds of drugs. However, little is known about the contribution of transporters to the intestinal transport of telmisartan. The aim of this study was to determine the transport mechanism of telmisartan across intestinal epithelial cells. In the presence of an inwardly directed proton gradient, the apical-to-basal transport of telmisartan was greater than basal-to-apical transport. Thus, we focused on the uptake mechanism of telmisartan across brush-border membranes. The uptake of telmisartan by Caco-2 cells was shown to be energy- and proton-dependent. Although some monocarboxylates inhibited the uptake of telmisartan, L-lactic acid, which is a typical substrate of the monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1—MCT4, did not affect the uptake of telmisartan. Preloading of acetic acid enhanced the uptake of telmisartan, showing a trans-stimulation effect. These results suggest that the carrier-mediated transport system is involved in the uptake of telmisartan by Caco-2 cells and that the apical-localized transport system is similar to MCTs, but not MCT1—MCT4. It is possible that telmisartan reduce the absorption of coadministered drugs by sharing the MCTs. Since MCTs have an important role in the intestinal absorption of pharmacologically active compounds, it is important to be aware of the potential of telmisartan–drug interactions involving MCTs and to act in order to prevent undesirable and harmful consequences.