Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
Regular Articles
CYP2D6 Genetic Polymorphism in South Indian Populations
Amrithraj Theophilus NaveenChandrasekaran AdithanSisy Sam SoyaNathalie GerardRajagopal Krishnamoorthy
Author information

2006 Volume 29 Issue 8 Pages 1655-1658


This study aimed to determine the prevalence of genetic polymorphism in the CYP2D6 gene, which codes for the polymorphically expressed CYP2D6 drug-metabolizing enzyme. The common variants CYP2D6 *2, *3, *4, *5, *10, *14, and *17 were studied in the populations (n=447) of the four South Indian states namely Tamilnadu (TN), Kerala (Ker), Karnataka (Kar) and Andhra Pradesh (AP). Genetic polymorphisms were identified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) based methods. Differences in frequencies of CYP2D6 polymorphism between each South Indian state were statistically compared, and also the frequency of South Indian population as a whole in relation to other major populations. The CYP2D6*2 allele was the most frequent variant (34.8%), followed by the *10 allele (10.2%). The *4 and *5 alleles occurred at 7.3% and 1.9% respectively. The *3, *14 and *17 alleles were not detected in the study. The *1/*2, *1/*1 and *2/*2 genotypes were the most common CYP2D6 genotypes, representing 32.7%, 19.4% and 11.8% of the South Indian population. Genotypes that predict poor metabolizer phenotype i.e. *4/*4 and *4/*5 were found at 0.6% in South Indian population. The genetic composition at the CYP2D6 locus in South Indians is distinct from Caucasian, African and even other Asian (Chinese and Japanese) populations.

Information related to the author
© 2006 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Previous article Next article