2009 Volume 32 Issue 4 Pages 694-699
The growing concomitant consumption of drugs and herbal preparations such as garlic, and the numerous reports about the influence of herbal preparations on intestinal transport, led us to evaluate the influence of aged garlic extract on the transport function and electrophysiological parameters of the small intestinal mucosa. Aged garlic extract induced increase of the absolute value of the transepithelial potential difference and of the short-circuit current in both permeability models tested (rat jejunum, Caco-2 cell monolayers) without affecting transepithelial electrical resistance. It also caused a significant increase of the P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance associated protein 2 mediated effluxes through rat jejunum of marker substrates Rhodamine 123 and 2,4-dinitrophenyl-S-glutathione, respectively. Rhodamine 123 efflux through the Caco-2 cell monolayers was not altered by aged garlic extract, whereas the efflux of 2,4-dinitrophenyl-S-glutathione increased significantly. So altered activity of the important transport proteins could significantly change the pharmacokinetic properties of conventional medicines taken concomitantly with aged garlic extract.