Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
Regular Articles
Lx2-32c, a Novel Taxane Derivative, Exerts Anti-resistance Activity by Initiating Intrinsic Apoptosis Pathway in Vitro and Inhibits the Growth of Resistant Tumor in Vivo
Qing ZhouYan LiJing JinLiwei LangZhixiang ZhuWeishuo FangXiaoguang Chen
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2012 Volume 35 Issue 12 Pages 2170-2179

Details
Abstract

Resistance to anticancer drugs is a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy. Thus, the exploration of new drugs and strategies in combating resistance is of great importance. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor drug resistance (anti-resistance for short) activity of Lx2-32c, a novel taxane, and its possible mechanisms. Lx2-32c was cytotoxic to various drug-resistant tumor cell lines, and significantly suppressed the growth of tumor xenografts in paclitaxel-resistant MX-1 nude mice. It promoted microtubule polymerization and G2/M phase arrest in MX-1/T cells. Moreover, it induced typical apoptotic characteristics indicated by morphological changes and DNA fragmentation. Apoptosis was associated with loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, enhancement of mitochondrial cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) release, elevation of the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, activation of caspase-9,-3 but not caspase-8 and Fas/FasL, and degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). In conclusion, Lx2-32c is an effective microtubule-stabilizing agent in overcoming paclitaxel resistance by inducing apoptosis via the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. It also displayed robust anti-paclitaxel-resistance activity in vivo. Therefore, these findings provide new insight into the strategy to overcome resistance by manipulating dysregulated apoptosis pathway.

Information related to the author
© 2012 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top