2012 Volume 35 Issue 8 Pages 1314-1319
The therapeutic efficacy of the novel immunomodulator FTY720 (Fingolimod), alone and in combination with betamethasone ointment, was examined in the NC/Nga mouse model of spontaneous steroid-resistant dermatitis. Male NC/Nga mice which had developed severe dermatitis were divided into six groups: 1) a biweekly betamethasone group (betamethasone ointment, twice a week), 2) a daily betamethasone group (betamethasone ointment, six times a week), 3) an FTY720 group (FTY720, orally, three times a week), 4) a biweekly combination group (oral FTY720 plus betamethasone ointment, twice a week), 5) a daily combination group (oral FTY720 plus betamethasone ointment, six times a week) and 6) a placebo group (vehicle alone). The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated in terms of severity of dermatitis, epidermal hypertrophy, accumulation and degranulation of mast cells and infiltrated CD3+ T cells into the dermis after 4 weeks of treatment. Biweekly and daily betamethasone treatments had little effect, confirming that the dermatitis was steroid-resistant. In the FTY720 and biweekly combination groups, the dermatitis showed no marked improvement. In the daily combination group, the dermatitis was significantly (p<0.05, Mann–Whitney U-test) improved as compared with the FTY720 group, biweekly and daily betamethasone groups and placebo group. Further, epidermal hypertrophy and accumulation of mast cells were suppressed. Therefore, combination therapy with FTY720 and daily betamethasone ointment is a promising candidate for treatment of steroid-resistant atopic dermatitis.