2012 Volume 35 Issue 8 Pages 1374-1378
Pinusolide, an herbal medicine isolated from Biota orientalis L. (B. orientalis), inhibited 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO)-dependent leukotriene C4 (LTC4) generation in immunoglobulin E (IgE)/Ag-induced bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) in a concentration-dependent manner. To clarify the action mechanism of pinusolide on the inhibition of LTC4 generation, we examined the effect of pinusolide on phosphorylation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), as well as translocation phospho-cPLA2 and 5-LO to nucleus. Inhibition of LTC4 generation by pinusolide was accompanied by a decrease in cPLA2 phosphorylation which occurred via a decrease in intracellular Ca2+ influx and blocking the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways. However, pinusolide had no effect on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinas phosphorylation. Taken together, the present results suggest that potent inhibition of 5-LO dependent LTC4 generation by pinusolide requires both suppression of calcium influx and JNK phosphorylation.