Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Inhibition of Methotrexate Uptake via Organic Anion Transporters OAT1 and OAT3 by Glucuronides of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs
Masahiro IwakiHiroaki ShimadaYuri IrinoManami TakeSachiko Egashira
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2017 Volume 40 Issue 6 Pages 926-931

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Abstract

Combination therapy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and methotrexate (MTX) sometimes triggers adverse effects, such as liver injury, renal failure, gastrointestinal disorders, and myelosuppression, owing to the reduction of MTX clearance. Previous reports have suggested that NSAIDs inhibit renal MTX uptake via organic anion transporters (OATs) and reduced folate transporter (RFC)-1 and efflux via multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs). Recently, our laboratory found inhibitory effects of NSAIDs-glucuronide (NSAIDs-Glu), a major metabolite of NSAIDs, on MRP-mediated MTX transport as a new site of interaction between MTX and NSAIDs. However, it remains unclear that whether NSAIDs-Glu inhibit renal uptake of MTX. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate inhibitory effects of several NSAIDs-Glu (diclofenac, R- and S-ibuprofen, R- and S-flurbiprofen, and R- and S-naproxen) on human OAT1 and OAT3-mediated MTX transport. In this study, [3H]MTX uptake was observed by using human OAT1 and OAT3-overexpressing HEK293 cells in the presence or absence of NSAIDs-Glu. All examined NSAIDs-Glu exhibited concentration-dependent inhibitory effects on MTX uptake via OAT1 and OAT3. Our results indicated that NSAIDs-Glu are more potent (5- to 15-fold) inhibitors of OAT3 than OAT1. Moreover, stereoselective inhibitory effects of NSAIDs-Glu on OATs-mediated MTX uptake were not observed, unlike on MRPs-mediated transport. These findings suggest that inhibition of OAT1 and OAT3-mediated renal uptake of MTX by plasma NSAIDs-Glu may be one of the competitive sites underlying complex drug interaction between MTX and NSAIDs.

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© 2017 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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