2017 Volume 40 Issue 8 Pages 1331-1335
Eleven kinds of catechin metabolites produced from (−)-epigallocatechin (EGC) and (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) by intestinal microbiota were evaluated for inhibitory activity on the proliferation of HeLa cells, which are human cervical cancer cells. Among the catechin metabolites, 1-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)-3-(2,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)propan-2-ol (EGC-M2), 4-hydroxy-5-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)valeric acid (EGC-M7), and 5-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)valeric acid (EGC-M9) were found to show inhibitory activity on HeLa cell proliferation as compared with control. The results suggested that three adjacent hydroxyl groups in the phenyl moiety may play an important role in the inhibitory activity. In addition, the inhibitory activity was also examined with four (−)-epicatechin (EC) metabolites possessing two adjacent hydroxyl groups in the phenyl moiety. Only 5-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)valeric acid (EC-M9) showed inhibitory activity and therefore valeric acid moiety likely contributes to the inhibitory activity. EGC-M9 showed the strongest inhibitory activity with IC50 of 5.58 µM. Thus, in this study it was found for the first time that several catechin metabolites derived from EGC, EGCg, and EC inhibit the proliferation of cervical cancer cells.