2018 Volume 41 Issue 10 Pages 1586-1592
Resveratrol, which is a polyphenol found in grapes, peanuts, and other plants, has health benefits for various chronic diseases. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of resveratrol on cataract formation in diabetic rats. Male Wistar rats (7-week-old) were treated with streptozotocin, and the streptozotocin-treated animals were administered 5% D-glucose in drinking water to promote the formation of cataracts by inducing severe hyperglycemia. Resveratrol supplementation (10 or 30 mg/kg/d) in drinking water was initiated immediately after induction of diabetes was confirmed. The full lens images of the horizontal plane were captured with the digital camera system which we developed. Cataract formation was assessed by an observer-based scoring method and by quantitative analysis of digital images of the lens. Cataracts at the peripheral region of the lens were detected 2 weeks after induction of hyperglycemia and progressed depending on the length of the diabetic period. The majority of them developed severe cataracts after 9 weeks of hyperglycemia. Resveratrol did not prevent the appearance of diabetic cataracts but significantly delayed the progression of cataracts compared with controls. The contents of sorbitol and protein carbonyls in lenses of diabetic rats were higher than those of control rats. Resveratrol suppressed the increase in protein carbonyls, but not of sorbitol, in diabetic lenses. These results suggest that resveratrol delays the progression of diabetic cataracts partially through attenuation of oxidative damage to lens proteins. Resveratrol may be beneficial in preventing the progression of diabetic cataracts.