Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Hypertension and Proteinuria as Predictive Factors of Effects of Bevacizumab on Advanced Breast Cancer in Japan
Hiroaki TanakaKoichi TakahashiKazunori YamaguchiKeiichi KontaniTakahiro MotokiMasato AsakuraShinji KosakaHiroyasu YokomiseHitoshi Houchi
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2018 Volume 41 Issue 4 Pages 644-648

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Abstract

Bevacizumab (BV), an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor, is used in combination with paclitaxel (PTX) to treat advanced breast cancer. Hypertension and proteinuria are characteristic adverse events of BV therapy. We assessed the potential of these adverse events as predictors of BV treatment responses. Our results revealed that groups that developed hypertension and proteinuria early (by day 56) had a stronger antitumor response (Fisher’s exact test p<0.05). However, no significant difference was observed in progression-free survival (the Kaplan–Meier method and Log-rank test). As a reference, age, the treatment line, subtypes, liver and renal function, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia history, body mass index, influencing concomitant medicine, average relative dose intensity and hematotoxicity did not significantly differ between groups with or without hypertension and with or without proteinuria. These results indicate the potential of the development of hypertension and proteinuria as predictors of improved outcomes with PTX plus BV therapy in patients with breast cancer. However, since both adverse events may preclude the continuation of treatment, their earlier management may be required.

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© 2018 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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