2019 Volume 42 Issue 2 Pages 212-221
Glucose uptake ability into L6 skeletal muscle cell was examined with eleven kinds of ring fission metabolites of (−)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) produced by intestinal bacteria. The metabolites 5-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-γ-valerolactone (EGC-M5), 4-hydroxy-5-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)valeric acid (EGC-M6), 5-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)-γ-valerolactone (EGC-M7) and 5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)valeric acid (EGC-M11) have been found to promote uptake of glucose into L6 myotubes significantly. EGC-M5, which is one of the major ring fission metabolites of EGCG, was also found to have a promotive effect on glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation accompanied by phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway in skeletal muscle both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, the effect of oral single dosage of EGC-M5 on glucose tolerance test with ICR mice was examined and significant suppression of hyperglycemia was observed. These data suggested that EGC-M5 has an antidiabetic effect in vivo.