Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Protonation State of a Histidine Residue in Human Oligopeptide Transporter 1 (hPEPT1) Regulates hPEPT1-Mediated Efflux Activity
Akiko OmoriYuki FujisawaShotaro SasakiKazumi ShimonoTakashi KikukawaSeiji Miyauchi
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2021 Volume 44 Issue 5 Pages 678-685


To clarify the role of an amino acid residue in the pH-dependent efflux process in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the human oligopeptide transporter hPEPT1 (CHO/hPEPT1), we determined the effect of extracellular pH on the hPEPT1-mediated efflux process. The efflux of glycylsarcosine (Gly-Sar), a typical substrate for hPEPT1, was determined using an infinite dilution method after cells were preloaded with [3H]-Gly-Sar. The efflux of [3H]-Gly-Sar was stimulated by 5 mM unlabeled hPEPT1 substrates in the medium. This trans-stimulation phenomenon showed that hPEPT1 mediated the efflux of [3H]-Gly-Sar from CHO/hPEPT1 and that hPEPT1 is a bi-directional transporter. We then determined the effect of extracellular pH (varying from 8.0 to 3.5) on the efflux activity. The efflux activity by hPEPT1 decreased with the decrease in extracellular pH. The Henderson–Hasselbälch-type equation, which fitted well to the pH-profile of efflux activity, indicated that a single amino acid residue with a pKa value of approximately 5.7 regulates the efflux activity. The pH-profile of the efflux activity remained almost unchanged irrespective of the proton gradient across the plasma membrane. In addition, the chemical modification of the histidine residue with diethylpyrocarbonate completely abolished the efflux activity from cells, which could be prevented by the presence of 10 mM Gly-Sar. These data indicate that the efflux process of hPEPT1 is also regulated in a pH-dependent manner by the protonation state of a histidine residue located at or near the substrate recognition site facing the extracellular space.

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