2022 Volume 45 Issue 12 Pages 1818-1824
Tamoxifen, which is used to treat advanced gynecological tumors, has been associated with tumor cell metastasis. Herein, we investigated the effect of tamoxifen on epithelial–mesenchymal transition in endometrial cancer and the associated signaling mechanism. Wound healing and invasion chamber assays, respectively, were performed to determine the migrative capacity and invasiveness of tamoxifen-stimulated endometrial carcinoma (RL95-2) cells. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to evaluate the expression of vimentin, E-cadherin, calpain 10 (CANP10), and neuropilin-1 (NRP1). Transfection of a CAPN10-harboring plasmid was used to overexpress CANP10 in RL95-2 cells, and small interfering RNAs were used to silence CANP10 and NRP1 expression. Tamoxifen induced migration, invasion, and morphological changes in RL95-2 cells. It also downregulated E-cadherin expression and upregulated vimentin, CANP10, and NRP1 expression. CANP10 silencing inhibited tamoxifen-induced NRP1 upregulation, and CANP10 or NRP1 silencing inhibited the migration and invasion of RL95-2 cells. CANP10 overexpression upregulated vimentin expression and downregulated that of E-cadherin and also increased cell migration and invasion. Silencing NRP1 protein expression inhibited the induction effect of CANP10 overexpression. In conclusion, tamoxifen promotes the epithelial–mesenchymal transition of RL95-2 cells via the CANP10/NRP1 signaling pathway. Thus, targeting CANP10 or NRP1 may be a novel strategy for preventing tamoxifen-induced endometrial cancer metastasis.