2023 Volume 46 Issue 1 Pages 61-66
Suplatast is a T helper 2 (Th2) cytokine inhibitor. Here, we tested its therapeutic effects using a mouse model of renal interstitial fibrosis caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). In this model, suplatast was found to prevent the induced fibrosis in the obstructed kidney when given in the drinking water at 100 mg/kg/d. Mechanistically, suplaplast inhibited the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) that was otherwise increased by UUO. Similarly, suplaplast reduced the increased accumulation of KIM-1, transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), type I collagen, interleukin-4 (IL-4), janus kinase (JAK)1 and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 mRNA seen in the kidneys of UUO-treated mice. Furthermore, STAT3 phosphorylation, which was stimulated by UUO, was also significantly decreased by suplatast. Collectively, these data show that suplatast reduces UUO-induced renal interstitial fibrosis via mechanisms including a reduction of phosphorylation of ERK and JAK/STAT pathway signaling.