Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
Regular Article
Interactions between Age-Related Type 2 Diabetes and the Small Intestine
Masashi ImaiKeiichi HiramotoShota TanakaKazuya Ooi
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2024 Volume 47 Issue 4 Pages 791-795


The number of patients with type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide. The mechanisms leading to type 2 diabetes and its complications is being researched; however, the pathological mechanisms of diabetes in the small intestine remain unclear. Therefore, we examined these pathological mechanisms in the small intestine using a mouse model of type 2 diabetes (KK-Ay/TaJcl) aged 10 and 50 weeks. The results showed that diabetes worsened with age in the mice with type 2 diabetes. In these mice, advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in the small intestine and mast cell expression increased, whereas diamine oxidase (DAO) decreased; increased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and histamine levels in the plasma and small intestine were also detected. Additionally, the expression of zonula occludens (ZO)-1 and Claudin1 and cell adhesion molecules in the small intestine reduced. These results exacerbated with age. These findings indicate that type 2 diabetes causes AGE/mast cell/histamine and TNF-α signal transmission in the small intestine and decreases small intestinal wall cell adhesion molecules cause TNF-α and histamine to flow into the body, worsening the diabetic condition. In addition, this sequence of events is suggested to be strengthened in aged mice with type 2 diabetes, thus exacerbating the disease. These findings of this study may facilitate the elucidation of the pathological mechanisms of type 2 diabetes and its associated complications.

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