Article ID: b14-00700
Sinensetin is a rare polymethoxylated flavone (PMF) found in certain citrus fruits. In this study, we investigated the effects of sinensetin on lipid metabolism in 3T3-L1 cells. Sinensetin promoted adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes growing in incomplete differentiation medium, which did not contain 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine. Sinensetin up-regulated expression of the adipogenic transcription factors peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) α, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c. It also potentiated expression of C/EBPβ and activation of cAMP-responsive element-binding protein. Sinensetin enhanced activation of protein kinase A and increased intracellular cAMP levels in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. In mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, sinensetin stimulated lipolysis via a cAMP pathway. Taken together, these results suggest that sinensetin enhances adipogenesis and lipolysis by increasing cAMP levels in adipocytes.