1995 Volume 18 Issue 7 Pages 933-937
Polyacetylenic alcohols such as panaxytriol, panaxynol and panaxydol isolated from the roots of Panax ginseng C. A. MEYER have antiproliferative activity against various cultured tumor cells. Anti-panaxytriol antibody was obtained by immunizing rabbits with panaxytriol-bovine serum albumin conjugates. Although the antibody reactivity was directed mainly toward panaxytriol, there was a slight cross-reactivity with other polyacetylenic compounds. The antibody was, therefore, used for screening a large number of crude drugs for polyacetylenic compounds such as panaxytriol. Methanol-extracts from 31 crude drugs were examined. Significant reactivity was observed in 15 methanol-extracts from Aralieaceae, Compositae and Umbelliferae as reported by other investigators. Three out of the 15 crude drugs were selected for determination of the potent cross-reactive compounds. Four kinds of cross-reactive compounds were isolated by silica gel column chromatography, monitoring each fraction using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Among them, panaxynol and heptadeca-1, 8-diene-4, 6-diyne-3, 10-diol were identified from Saposhnikoviae Radix. Falcarindiol was newly identified from Peucedani Radix. A new polyacetylenic alcohol, 9, 10-epoxy-16-hydroxy-octadeca-17-ene-12, 14-diyne-1-al, was also isolated from Foeniculi Fructus. All these polyacetylenic alcohols inhibited the growth of a human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line, MK-1 cells, in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that the antibody against panaxytriol is an effective tool for"screening"antiproliferative polyacetylenic compounds.