Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
Comparative Abilities and Optimal Conditions for β-Glycosidase Enzymes to Hydrolyse the Glucuronide, Glucoside, and N-Acetylglucosaminide Conjugates of Bile Acids
Toshiaki MOMOSEJun MARUYAMATakashi IIDAJunichi GOTOToshio NAMBARA
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1997 Volume 20 Issue 8 Pages 828-833

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Abstract

Enzymatic hydrolyses were described for three variants of glycosidic conjugated bile acids with one β-glucuronidase (Helix pomatia), three β-glucosidase (almonds, sweet almonds, and Escherichia coli), and four β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (Jack beans, bovine kidney, human placenta, and Diplococcus pneumoniae) preparations. The substrates include the β-glucuronide, β-glucoside, and β-N-acetylglucosaminide conjugates of bile acids related to hyodeoxycholic, murideoxycholic, chenodeoxycholic, and ursodeoxycholic acids possessing a sugar moiety at position C-3, C-6 or C-7. The comparative abilities and optimal conditions for the β-glycosidases to catalyze the hydrolyses of the substrates were clarified by changing pHs and incubation times. Hydrolysis rates of the bile acid glycosides with β-glycosidase treatments were influenced by both the source of the enzyme preparations and the conjugated position of a sugar moiety in the substrates, and the 3-glucoside and 3-N-acetylglucosaminide conjugates were usually hydrolyzed more efficiently than their corresponding 6- and 7-analogs. Escherichia coli and jack bean enzymes were chosen to hydrolyse the glucosidic and N-acetylglucosaminidic conjugated bile acids, respectively.

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