1992 年 24 巻 3 号 p. 1-7
The purpose of this study is to discuss and suggest which movements in Judo grappling techniques should be recognized especially for scoring purposes in the case of HANTEI. The results are as follows:
1) There is combative ground-work in order to grapple the opponent and TSUKURI, which is a preparatory movement to grapple the opponent, exists in this combative process.
2) The pinning hold after TSUKURI during grappling techniques in Judo should be recognized as KAKE.
3) Both TSUKURI and KAKE are skills in Judo and both should be recognized for scoring in Judo competitions.
4) To succeed in TSUKURI during grappling techniques means to control the opponent on the mat completely, giving him no opportunity to attack or defend.
5) Skills of TSUKURI on ground-work for scoring are, for example, to take the opponent down to either side of the attacker or roll him over the controller's head when the opponent is moving on to the controller.
6) Another case is when the opponent's trunk is taken and pinned even with the opponent's legs which curl round the controller's leg in defence. Then scoring should be recognized when the opponent is under the controller.