Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Perfusable Tissue Index Obtained by Positron Emission Tomography as a Marker of Myocardial Viability in Patients With Ischemic Ventricular Dysfunction
Hideki ItohMasanobu NamuraHiroyuki SekiToru AsaiTaketsugu TsuchiyaHiroaki UenishiHiroyuki FujiiShinichirou FujitaYujirou TanabeJun ItoMasami ShimizuHiroshi Mabuchi
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2002 Volume 66 Issue 4 Pages 341-344


In areas of severe asynergy, the clinically important task is to identify functionally recoverable myocardium. Fourteen patients with asynergy were investigated by H2 15O dynamic positron emission tomography imaging before revascularization. Regional myocardial blood flow (MBF) was determined and the water-perfusable tissue fraction (PTF) for each region of interest and the total anatomical tissue fraction (ATF) were estimated. The PTF/ATF was analyzed as the water perfusable tissue index (PTI). Asynergy was defined as segments with wall motion more than 2 SD below than that of a normal population. An increase of >0.8 SD in anterior wall segments with asynergy and an increase of >0.6 SD in inferior wall asynergy were defined as significant improvements of wall motion indicative of viable myocardium. Fifteen segments with wall motion abnormalities less than -2 SD and 10 control segments were identified; 7 segments recovered and 8 segments did not. MBF was similar in both groups of segments before revascularization (0.78 ±0.27 vs 0.73±0.18 ml · min -1 · g-1, NS). The PTI in the recovered segments was significantly higher than that in the unimproved segments (0.734±0.058 vs 0.592 ±0.038, p<0.0001) and was similar to that of the control segments. After revascularization, the PTI correlated with the SD of wall motion (p<0.05, r=0.58). PTI may be a good predictor of contractile recovery after revascularization. (Circ J 2002; 66: 341 - 344)

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