Circulation Journal
Clinical Investigation
Effects of Nocturnal Oxygen Therapy on Outcome Measures in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure and Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
Shigetake SasayamaToru IzumiYoshihiko SeinoKenji UeshimaHidetsugu Asanoifor The CHF-HOT Study Group
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Volume 70 (2006) Issue 1 Pages 1-7

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Abstract

Background The effects of nasal oxygen (O2) supply at night using conventional home oxygen therapy (HOT) equipment on quality of life (QOL) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) were evaluated in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Nasal nocturnal O2 therapy not only stabilizes SDB but also reduces sympathetic activity, and improves exercise capacity in patients with CHF. However, the effects of oxygen on the cardiac function and QOL of heart failure patients have not been fully elucidated. Methods and Results Fifty-six patients with CHF (New York Heart Association class II - III, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45%) and central sleep apnea (CSA) with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) were randomly assigned to receive either nocturnal O2 (HOT group, n=25) or usual breathing (control group, n=31) for 12 weeks. Respiration, airflow and arterial oxygen levels were monitored with determination of apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) and oxygen desaturation index (ODI) during sleep. LV function was determined by radionuclide angiography or echocardiography. QOL was assessed by the Specific Activity Scale questionnaire. In the HOT group, nocturnal O2 resulted in significant improvements in AHI (21.0±10.8 to 10.0±11.6 events/h, mean ± SD, p<0.001), ODI (19.5±9.8 to 5.9±8.7 dips/h, p<0.001) and Specific Activity scale (4.0±1.2 to 5.0±1.5 Mets, p<0.001). LVEF also increased from baseline to the end of the study (34.7±10.4 to 38.2±13.6%, p=0.022). Conclusions In patients with stable CHF and CSR, HOT at night improves SDB, LV function and QOL, and thus is a valuable nonpharmacological option for the treatment of patients with CHF and CSR-CSA. (Circ J 2006; 70: 1 - 7)

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© 2006 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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