Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Prevention of Catheter-Related Infections Using A Closed Hub System in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Satoshi AkagiHiromi MatsubaraAiko OgawaYusuke KawaiKenichi HisamatsuKatsumasa MiyajiMitsuru MunemasaYoshihisa FujimotoKengo Fukushima KusanoTohru Ohe
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2007 Volume 71 Issue 4 Pages 559-564


Background Most of the patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) receiving intravenous epoprostenol have experienced catheter-related infections during long-term treatment. Catheter hub was reported to be the most important source of catheter-related infections. To prevent the catheter-related infections, we have introduced a closed hub system and compared the incidence of catheter-related infections with that in patients using a non-closed hub system. Methods and Results We evaluated the results obtained on 24 occasions in 20 patients with PAH between June 1999 and December 2005. On 11 occasions, a non-closed hub system was used and on 13 cases a closed hub system. We classified the catheter-related infection into a catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) group or a tunnel infection group based on the pathway of bacteria. The CRBSI rate was 0.89 per 1,000 catheter days in the non-closed hub system group vs 0.10 per 1,000 catheter days in the closed hub system group. Kaplan - Meier analysis showed that the risk of CRBSI significantly decreased in the closed hub system group. None of the patients died as a direct consequence of catheter-related infection during the study period. Conclusions We successfully prevented CRBSI by using a closed hub system. (Circ J 2007; 71: 559 - 564)

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