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Circulation Journal
Vol. 71 (2007) No. 6 p. 936-940



Clinical Investigation

Background Sustained tachycardia causes left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction leading to heart failure (HF), which is widely known as "tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC)", but its prevalence and prognosis in Japanese remain unclear. Methods and Results Of 213 consecutive patients with HF associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) requiring hospitalization (n=213) between January 1999 and December 2004, and 104 (83 males, 67±12.6 years) were identified as not having any structural heart disease. Of them 41 (39%) had a normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF) at the initial admission, and the remaining patients fell into 2 groups: those with rapid (<6 months) normalization of the LVEF after AF management (presumed TIC, 30 patients, 29%) and those with persistent LV systolic dysfunction (dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), 33 patients, 32%). Although the B-type natriuretic peptide value and LVEF did not differ between the 2 groups, the LV size on admission was significantly smaller in the TIC group (LV end-diastolic dimension (LVDd) 57.6±7.2, LV end-systolic dimension (LVDs) 49.4±8.0) than in the DCM group (LVDd 63.4 ±8.8, LVDs 55.3±9.6, p<0.05). During a follow-up period of 42.1±21.2 months, cardiac death and recurrent HF hospitalization were significantly less frequent in the TIC group than in the DCM group. Conclusions In AF-associated HF requiring hospitalization, TIC is the presumed cause in approximately one-third of patients without any previously known structural heart disease. That particular group is characterized by a relatively smaller LV and better prognosis under medical treatment. (Circ J 2007; 71: 936 - 940)


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