Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Experimental Investigation
Angiotensin-Receptor Blockade Reduces Border Zone Myocardial Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 Expression and Macrophage Infiltration in Post-Infarction Ventricular Remodeling
Takashi KohnoToshihisa AnzaiKotaro NaitoYasuo SuganoYuichiro MaekawaToshiyuki TakahashiTsutomu YoshikawaSatoshi Ogawa
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2008 Volume 72 Issue 10 Pages 1685-1692


Background Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a key mediator of left ventricular (LV) remodeling during the early phase of myocardial infarction (MI). The hypothesis tested was that myocardial MCP-1 expression would increase during the chronic phase of MI and an angiotensin-II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) would attenuate macrophage infiltration through decreased myocardial MCP-1 expression. Methods and Results MI was produced by ligation of the left coronary artery in Wistar rats, which were then randomized to treatment with vehicle (MI/C), candesartan (10 mg · kg-1 ·day-1) for 6 weeks (MI/ARB0-6W), or candesartan for 2 weeks, starting 4 weeks after MI (MI/ARB4-6W). LV systolic and end-diastolic pressures 6 weeks after MI were decreased in MI/ARB0-6W compared with MI/C or MI/ARB4-6W, however, there were no differences in other hemodynamic or echocardiographic parameters among infarcted rat groups. Both long- and short-term treatments with ARB similarly reduced mRNA expressions of MCP-1, transforming growth factor-β1, and procollagen type I and III, macrophage infiltration, and myocardial fibrosis in the border zone. Conclusions In post-MI heart failure, ARB attenuated MCP-1 expression and macrophage infiltration in the border zone, resulting in less myocardial fibrosis. ARB may exert its beneficial effect, at least in part, by inhibiting myocardial macrophage-related inflammation. (Circ J 2008; 72: 1685 - 1692)

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