Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Comparison of the Effects of Carvedilol and Metoprolol on Exercise Ventilatory Efficiency in Patients With Congestive Heart Failure
Masaharu KataokaToru SatohTsutomu YoshikawaIwao NakamuraTakashi KohnoAkihiro YoshizawaToshihisa AnzaiSatoshi Ogawa
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2008 Volume 72 Issue 3 Pages 358-363


Background The slope of the relationship between ventilation and carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 slope), obtained during symptom-limited ramp exercise testing, reflects exercise ventilatory efficiency. Importantly, the VE/VCO2 slope is related to prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between the institution of β-blockers, carvedilol or metoprolol, and the VE/VCO2 slope during exercise in patients with CHF. Methods and Results Fifty-seven patients with New York Heart Association functional class II or III with a radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of less than 40% received carvedilol or metoprolol in a randomized fashion. The VE/VCO2 slope, LVEF and plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration were determined before and after 16 weeks of treatment. LVEF improved (p<0.01), but the VE/VCO2 slope and BNP did not. A significant improvement in the VE/VCO2 slope was observed in patients with LVEF <29% or BNP >63 pg/ml (respective baseline median values) (p<0.05, p<0.05). In patients with BNP >63 pg/ml, the improvement effect on the VE/VCO2 slope with carvedilol was significantly greater than that with metoprolol (p<0.05) and a significant improvement in the VE/VCO2 slope was observed only in those who took carvedilol (p<0.01). Conclusions The VE/VCO2 slope was not improved after β-blocker therapy in any of the patients. However, it did improve in patients with a lower LVEF or higher BNP level at baseline, and carvedilol was more effective than metoprolol in improving the VE/VCO2 slope in patients with higher BNP levels at baseline. (Circ J 2008; 72: 358 - 363)

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