Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Beneficial Effect of Perindopril on Cardiac Sympathetic Nerve Activity and Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure
Comparison With Enalapril
Takayoshi TsutamotoToshinari TanakaHiroshi SakaiKeizo NishiyamaMasanori FujiiTakashi YamamotoIchiro NakaeMasato OhnishiAtsuyuki WadaMinoru Horie
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2008 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 740-746

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Abstract

Background In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), it remains unclear whether perindopril is more cardioprotective than enalapril. Methods and Results Forty-five stable CHF outpatients undergoing conventional therapy including enalapril therapy were randomized to 2 groups [group I (n=24): continuous enalapril treatment; group II (n=21): enalapril was changed to perindopril]. Cardiac sympathetic nerve activity was evaluated using cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy, hemodynamic parameters and neurohumoral factors before and 6 months after treatment. There was no difference in baseline characteristics between the 2 groups. In group I, there were no changes in MIBG parameters, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) or plasma level of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). In contrast, in group II the delayed heart/mediastinum count ratio was significantly increased (2.0±0.07 vs 2.15±0.07, p=0.013) and the washout rate was significantly decreased (33.0±1.4 vs 30.5±1.2, p=0.030) after 6 months compared with the baseline value. In addition, LVEF was significantly increased and the plasma BNP level was significantly decreased. Conclusion These findings suggest that for the treatment of CHF, perindopril is superior to enalapril with respect of cardiac sympathetic nerve activity and BNP. (Circ J 2008; 72: 740 - 746)

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© 2008 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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