Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Cardiovascular Intervention
Delayed Neointimalization on Sirolimus-Eluting Stents
6-Month and 12-Month Follow up by Optical Coherence Tomography
Hiroki KatohJunya ShiteToshiro ShinkeDaisuke MatsumotoYusuke TaninoDaisuke OgasawaraTakahiro SawadaNaoki MiyoshiHiroyuki KawamoriNaoki YoshinoKen-ichi Hirata
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2009 Volume 73 Issue 6 Pages 1033-1037


Background: Sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) have incomplete neointimal coverage at 6-month follow up as determined with optical coherence tomography (OCT). The long-term detailed changes of neointima in SES remains to be clarified. Methods and Results: Serial changes in neointimal coverage of SES from 6 months to 12 months using OCT were examined. Of 21 SES in 13 patients, OCT was used to visualize 2,321 stent struts at 6 months and 2,285 stent struts at 12 months. The frequency of struts without neointimal coverage decreased from 6 months to 12 months (from 10.4 to 5.7%). The frequency of malapposed struts decreased from 6 months to 12 months (from 1.7 to 0.2%). The average thickness of the neointima increased (from 112 ±123 to 120 ±130 μm). The frequency of struts located at the side branch orifice without neointima decreased (from 4 out of 17 (24%) to 0 out of 17 (0%)). Complete coverage with neointima was observed in 14% (3 of 21 SES) at 6 months, and 24% (5 of 21 SES) at 12 months. Conclusions: Additional neointimal coverage was observed between 6 and 12 months, with a small increase in the neointimal thickness. The incidence of complete coverage, however, was still low at 12 months. These findings suggest delayed neointimalization on SES. (Circ J 2009; 73: 1033-1037)

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