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Circulation Journal
Vol. 73 (2009) No. 9 p. 1674-1682

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http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-08-1067

Ischemic Heart Disease

Background: Placental growth factor (PlGF), a homolog of vascular endothelial growth factor, is reported to stimulate angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in pathological conditions. It was recently demonstrated that PlGF is rapidly produced in myocardial tissue during acute myocardial infarction (MI). However, the effects of exogenous PlGF administration on the healing process after MI are not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether PlGF treatment has therapeutic potential in MI. Methods and Results: Recombinant human PlGF (rhPlGF: 10 μg) was administered continuously for 3 days in a mouse model of acute MI. rhPlGF treatment significantly improved survival rate after MI and preserved cardiac function relative to control mice. The numbers of CD31-positive cells and α-smooth muscle actin-positive vessels in the infarct area were significantly increased in the rhPlGF group. Endothelial progenitor cells (Flk-1+Sca-1+ cells) were mobilized by rhPlGF into the peripheral circulation. Furthermore, rhPlGF promoted the recruitment of GFP-labeled bone marrow cells to the infarct area, but only a few of those migrating cells differentiated into endothelial cells. Conclusions: Exogenous PlGF plays an important role in healing processes by improving cardiac function and stimulating angiogenesis following MI. It can be considered as a new therapeutic molecule. (Circ J 2009; 73: 1674-1682)

Copyright © 2009 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

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