Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Cardiovascular Surgery
Early Induction of Hypothermia During Cardiac Arrest Improves Neurological Outcomes in Patients With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Who Undergo Emergency Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Ken NagaoKimio KikushimaKazuhiro WatanabeEizo TachibanaYoshiteru TominagaKatsushige TadaMitsuru IshiiNobutaka ChibaAsuka KasaiTaketomo SogaMasakazu MatsuzakiKei NishikawaYutaka TatedaHarumi IkedaTsukasa Yagi
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2010 Volume 74 Issue 1 Pages 77-85


Background: Therapeutic hypothermia for comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has demonstrated neurological benefits. Although early cooling during cardiac arrest enhances efficacy in animal studies, few clinical studies are available. Methods and Results: The 171 patients who failed to respond to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation were studied prospectively. Patients underwent emergency cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) plus intra-aortic balloon pumping, with subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) if needed. Mild hypothermia (34°C for 3 days) was induced during cardiac arrest or after return of spontaneous circulation. Of the 171 patients, 21 (12.3%) had a favorable neurological outcome at hospital discharge. An unadjusted rate of favorable outcome decreased in a stepwise fashion for increasing quartiles of collapse-to-34°C interval (P=0.016). An adjusted odds ratio for favorable outcome after collapse-to-CPB interval was 0.89 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.82-0.97) and after CPB-to-34°C interval, 0.99 (95%CI 0.98-0.99) when collapse-to-34°C interval was divided into 2 components. Favorable neurological accuracy of a collapse-to-CPB interval at a cutoff of 55.5 min and CPB-to-34°C interval at a cutoff of 21.5 min was 85.4% and 89.5%, respectively. Conclusions: Early attainment of a core temperature had neurological benefits for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who underwent CPB and PCI. (Circ J 2010; 74: 77 - 85)

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