Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Relation Between Plaque Components and Plaque Prolapse After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation
– Virtual Histology - Intravascular Ultrasound –
Young Joon HongMyung Ho JeongSang Wook KimYun Ha ChoiEun Hae MaJum Suk KoMin Goo LeeKeun Ho ParkDoo Sun SimNam Sik YoonHyun Ju YoonKye Hun KimHyung Wook ParkJu Han KimYoungkeun AhnJeong Gwan ChoJong Chun ParkJung Chaee Kang
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2010 Volume 74 Issue 6 Pages 1142-1151


Background: It is not well known which plaque components are associated with the development of plaque prolapse (PP) and what are the major components in prolapsed plaque. The relationship between pre-stenting plaque components and post-stenting PP was assessed and the plaque components of prolapsed plaque were evaluated in patients who underwent drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation using virtual histology - intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS). Methods and Results: The study group consisted of 132 patients who underwent DES implantation and pre- and post-stenting VH-IVUS. Of these patients, 68 patients had 76 PP lesions and 64 patients had 76 non-PP lesions. Intra-stent PP volume was 3.6±1.5 mm3. Plaque volume was significantly greater and absolute fibrotic (FT) and necrotic core (NC) volumes were significantly greater in PP lesions compared with non-PP lesions. On multivariate analysis, absolute NC (odds ratios [OR]=1.14, P<0.001) and FT volume (OR =1.09, P<0.001) were independently associated with the development of PP. In intra-stent prolapsed plaque the FT component was greatest, but the NC component was also large, and %NC volume correlated positively with Δcreatine kinase-MB (r=0.489, P<0.001) and Δtroponin-I (r=0.679, P<0.001), and %FT volume correlated negatively with ΔCK-MB (r=-0.539, P<0.001) and Δtroponin-I. Conclusions: NC and FT components were associated with development of PP; and NC and FT components in prolapsed plaque were associated with cardiac enzyme elevation after DES implantation.  (Circ J 2010; 74: 1142 - 1151)

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