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Circulation Journal
Vol. 74 (2010) No. 6 p. 1142-1151

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http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-09-0781

Imaging

Background: It is not well known which plaque components are associated with the development of plaque prolapse (PP) and what are the major components in prolapsed plaque. The relationship between pre-stenting plaque components and post-stenting PP was assessed and the plaque components of prolapsed plaque were evaluated in patients who underwent drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation using virtual histology - intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS). Methods and Results: The study group consisted of 132 patients who underwent DES implantation and pre- and post-stenting VH-IVUS. Of these patients, 68 patients had 76 PP lesions and 64 patients had 76 non-PP lesions. Intra-stent PP volume was 3.6±1.5 mm3. Plaque volume was significantly greater and absolute fibrotic (FT) and necrotic core (NC) volumes were significantly greater in PP lesions compared with non-PP lesions. On multivariate analysis, absolute NC (odds ratios [OR]=1.14, P<0.001) and FT volume (OR =1.09, P<0.001) were independently associated with the development of PP. In intra-stent prolapsed plaque the FT component was greatest, but the NC component was also large, and %NC volume correlated positively with Δcreatine kinase-MB (r=0.489, P<0.001) and Δtroponin-I (r=0.679, P<0.001), and %FT volume correlated negatively with ΔCK-MB (r=-0.539, P<0.001) and Δtroponin-I. Conclusions: NC and FT components were associated with development of PP; and NC and FT components in prolapsed plaque were associated with cardiac enzyme elevation after DES implantation.  (Circ J 2010; 74: 1142 - 1151)

Copyright © 2010 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

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