Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Vascular Medicine
Single Administration of α-Glucosidase Inhibitors on Endothelial Function and Incretin Secretion in Diabetic Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
– Juntendo University Trial: Effects of Miglitol on Endothelial Vascular Reactivity in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Coronary Heart Disease (J-MACH) –
Makoto HikiKazunori ShimadaTakashi KiyanagiKosuke FukaoKuniaki HiroseHiromichi OhsakaYoshifumi FukushimaAtsumi KumeRie MatsumoriKatsuhiko SumiyoshiTetsuro MiyazakiHirotoshi OhmuraTakeshi KurataTakashi MiidaHiroyuki Daida
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2010 Volume 74 Issue 7 Pages 1471-1478

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Abstract

Background: Post-prandial hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and endothelial dysfunction play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Improvement in post-prandial hyperglycemia on α-glucosidase inhibitors (α-GIs) is associated with a risk reduction of cardiovascular diseases, but the post-prandial effects of α-GIs on endothelial function and incretin secretion in type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remain unclear. Methods and Results: The post-prandial effects of a single administration of miglitol and voglibose on endothelial function and changing levels of glucose, insulin, lipids, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) were compared after a standard meal loading in 11 diabetic patients with CAD, using a placebo-controlled cross-over design. The changing levels of glucose, insulin and triglycerides at 60 min were significantly lower in the miglitol group than in the voglibose and placebo groups (all P<0.01). GLP-1 levels were significantly higher at 120 min (P<0.05) and GIP levels were significantly lower at 30 min and 60 min (P<0.05) in the miglitol group compared to other treatments. The reactive hyperemia duration at 120 min was significantly maintained in the miglitol group compared to the other groups. Conclusions: A single administration of miglitol significantly improved post-prandial glucose/lipid metabolism, incretin secretion, and endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients with CAD, suggesting that miglitol may be a useful anti-atherogenic agent (UMIN000002264).  (Circ J 2010; 74: 1471 - 1478)

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© 2010 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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