Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Pulmonary Circulation
Expression of P2X4R mRNA and Protein in Rats With Hypobaric Hypoxia-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension
Yuichiro OhataSho OgataKuniaki NakanishiFumiko KanazawaMaki UenoyamaSadayuki HiroiSusumu TominagaToshiaki Kawai
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2011 Volume 75 Issue 4 Pages 945-954


Background: The experimental pulmonary hypertension that develops in hypobaric hypoxia is characterized by structural remodeling of the heart. The P2X4 receptor (P2X4R) controls vascular tone and vessel remodeling in several blood vessels, and it has emerged as a key factor in the enhancement of cardiovascular performance. Methods and Results: To study the possible effects of hypobaric hypoxia on the P2X4R-synthesis system, 150 male Wistar rats were housed in a chamber at the equivalent of the 5,500m altitude level for 21 days. After 14 days' exposure to hypobaric hypoxia, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) was significantly increased. In the right ventricle (RV) of the heart, P2X4R expression was significantly increased on days 1 and 14 (mRNA) and on days 7 and 21 (protein) of hypobaric hypoxic exposure. Immunohistochemical staining for P2X4R protein became more intense in RV in the late phase of exposure. These changes in P2X4R synthesis in RV occurred alongside the increase in PAP. In addition, P2X1R and P2Y2R mRNA levels in the RV were significantly increased on days 1, 14, and 21, and day 5, respectively, of exposure. The level of P2X1R protein in the RV was significantly increased on day 21 of exposure. Conclusions: Conceivably, P2 receptors, including P2X4R and P2X1R, might play roles in modulating the RV hypertrophy that occurs due to pulmonary hypertension in hypobaric hypoxia. (Circ J 2011; 75: 945-954)

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