Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Heart Failure
Quality of Life as an Independent Predictor for Cardiac Events and Death in Patients With Heart Failure
Naoko KatoKoichiro KinugawaSatomi SekiTaro ShigaMasaru HatanoAtsushi YaoYasunobu HirataKeiko KazumaRyozo Nagai
Author information

2011 Volume 75 Issue 7 Pages 1661-1669


Background: Little is known about health-related quality of life (QOL) in Japanese patients with heart failure. The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to QOL using a disease-specific QOL instrument, and to clarify whether QOL independently predicts clinical outcomes among Japanese patients with heart failure. Methods and Results: A total of 114 outpatients with heart failure were enrolled (mean age 64.7±15.8 years; 73.7% males). The Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) to assess patient's QOL was used. At baseline, depressive symptoms and chronic kidney disease were significantly associated with worse QOL in multiple regression analysis. During a 2-year follow up, patients with a MLHFQ score ≥26, indicating worse QOL, had a higher incidence of the combined endpoint of cardiac death or hospitalization for heart failure, and a higher all-cause mortality than those with a score <26 (25.3% vs. 7.5%, P=0.011; 18.5% vs. 6.4%, P=0.018; respectively). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models demonstrated that a higher MLHFQ score was significantly associated with increased risks of cardiac events (hazard ratio, 1.02, 95% confidential interval, 1.001-1.05, P=0.038) and of all-cause death (hazard ratio, 1.04, 95% confidential interval, 1.02-1.07, P=0.001). Conclusions: Depressive symptoms and chronic kidney disease are major determinants of impaired QOL, and the MLHFQ score is an independent predictor of both cardiac events and death among Japanese patients with heart failure. (Circ J 2011; 75: 1661-1669)

Content from these authors
Previous article Next article