Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Heart Failure
Simultaneous Doppler Tracing of Transmitral Inflow and Mitral Annular Velocity as an Estimate of Elevated Left Ventricular Filling Pressure in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
Yasuaki WadaKazuya MurataTakeo TanakaYoshio NoseChikage KiharaKosuke UchidaShinichi OkudaTakehisa SusaYukari KishidaMasunori Matsuzaki
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2012 Volume 76 Issue 3 Pages 675-681

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Abstract

Background: The time interval between the onset of early transmitral flow velocity (E) and that of early diastolic mitral annular velocity (e') (TE-e') is a good predictor of elevated left ventricular (LV) filling pressure in patients with sinus rhythm. Although the evaluation of LV filling pressure using E/e' has been challenging in atrial fibrillation (AF), the usefulness of TE-e' is unknown. Methods and Results: E and e' were simultaneously recorded using dual Doppler echocardiography in 45 AF patients (30 men; mean age, 69±9 years). E/e' and TE-e' were calculated and compared with the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), which was measured invasively. E/e' and TE/e' correlated with PCWP (E/e', r=0.57, P<0.001; TE-e', r=0.77, P<0.001). Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, the optimal cut-off for TE-e' was 34ms (sensitivity, 95%; specificity, 88%) and that for E/e' was 14.6 (sensitivity, 50%; specificity, 84%) in order to predict >12-mmHg PCWP. When the combined cut-offs of TE-e' >34ms and E/e' >14.6 were used, the sensitivity and specificity of predicting elevated PCWP were improved to 100% and 88%, respectively. Conclusions: In AF patients, the simultaneous recording of E and e' using dual Doppler echocardiography and the analysis of TE-e', in addition to E/e', improved the accuracy of evaluation of LV filling pressure. (Circ J 2012; 76: 675-681)

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© 2012 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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