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Circulation Journal
Vol. 76 (2012) No. 3 p. 532-543

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http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-12-0130

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Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a major public health problem throughout the world and its importance is continuing to grow. This article reviews the epidemiology of ADHF and the profile of patients suffering from this condition. It describes factors used in assessing prognosis and presents treatment options. Although no currently available treatments have been shown to favorably affect long-term outcomes, there are a variety of strategies and approaches to management that are expected to reduce morbidity and mortality following discharge after ADHF hospitalization. In particular, the clinician is alerted to the need to identify factors that trigger decompensation as well as to optimize treatments for chronic heart failure. The importance of the transition from hospital to the outpatient setting is described. Particular attention should be focused on providing health education to the patient and their family at an appropriate level of medical literacy as well as ensuring early follow-up evaluation after hospital discharge. (Circ J 2012; 76: 532-543)

Copyright © 2012 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

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