Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Cardiovascular Intervention
Randomized Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of Zotarolimus-Eluting Stents vs. Sirolimus-Eluting Stents for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Chronic Total Occlusion
– CAtholic Total Occlusion Study (CATOS) Trial –
Hun-Jun ParkHee-Yeol KimJong-Min LeeYoon Seok ChoiChul-Soo ParkDong-Bin KimSung Ho HerYoon Seok KohMahn Won ParkBeom-June KwonPum Joon KimKiyuk ChangWook Sung ChungKi-Bae Seung
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2012 Volume 76 Issue 4 Pages 868-875


Background: Limited data are available regarding the direct comparison of angiographic and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) for chronic total occlusion (CTO). Methods and Results: A prospective, randomized, multicenter trial was conducted to evaluate the non-inferiority of a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES; Endeavor Sprint®, n=80) to a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES; Cypher®, n=80) in patients with CTO lesion with a reference vessel diameter ≥2.5mm. The primary endpoint was in-segment binary restenosis rate at 9-month angiographic follow-up. Key secondary endpoints included target vessel failure (TVF; including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) and Academic Research Consortium-defined definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) within 12 months. The ZES was non-inferior to the SES with respect to the primary endpoint, which occurred in 14.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 6.0-22.2) and in 13.7% (95%CI: 5.8-21.6) of patients, respectively (non-inferiority margin, 15.0%; P for non-inferiority <0.001). There were no significant between-group differences in the rate of TVF (10.0% vs. 17.5%; P=0.168) nor in the rate of ST (0.0% vs. 1.3%; P=0.316) during the 12-month clinical follow-up. Conclusions: The effectiveness and safety of ZES are similar to those of SES and therefore it is a good treatment option in patients undergoing PCI for CTO with DESs. (Circ J 2012; 76: 868-875)

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