Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Landiolol, an Ultra-Short-Acting β1-Blocker, More Effectively Terminates Atrial Fibrillation Than Diltiazem After Open Heart Surgery
– Prospective, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-Label Study (JL-KNIGHT Study) –
Atsuhiro SakamotoMasafumi KitakazeShinichi TakamotoAkiyoshi NamikiHiroshi KasanukiSaichi HosodaJL-KNIGHT study group
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2012 Volume 76 Issue 5 Pages 1097-1101


Background: Recent studies have suggested that esmolol is the first choice for rate control in patients with postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass surgery, but side-effects of esmolol such as hypotension are problematic. To overcome this problem, landiolol, an ultra-short-acting β1-blocker with a less negative inotropic effect than esmolol, has been developed. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether landiolol was effective for both rate control and conversion to normal sinus rhythm (NSR). Methods and Results: A prospective, randomized, open-label comparison between i.v. landiolol and diltiazem in patients with postoperative AF was undertaken between January 2008 and June 2009 in Japan. Of 335 patients included in the analysis, 71 patients went into AF. Among these 71 patients, conversion to NSR within 8h after onset of AF occurred in 19 of 35 patients (54.3%) in the landiolol group vs. 11 of 36 patients (30.6%) in the diltiazem group (P<0.05). The incidence of hypotension was lower in the landiolol group (4/35, 11.4%) compared with the diltiazem group (11/36, 30.6%; P<0.05). The incidence of bradycardia was also lower in the landiolol group (0%) compared with the diltiazem group (4/36, 11.1%; P<0.05). Conclusions: Landiolol is more effective and safer than diltiazem for patients with postoperative AF after open heart surgery. (Circ J 2012; 76: 1097-1101)

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