Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Pediatric Cardiology and Adult Congenital Heart Disease
Assessment of Pulmonary Arterial Pressure by Velocity-Encoded Cine Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Children With Congenital Heart Disease
Masaya SugimotoHiroki KajinoAya KajihamaKouichi NakauNoboru MurakamiHiroshi Azuma
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2013 Volume 77 Issue 12 Pages 3015-3022


Background: Velocity-encoded cine magnetic resonance imaging (VEC-MRI) has recently been reported as effective for assessing not only pulmonary blood flow (Qp) but also pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) in adults. However, there have been few reports on the usefulness of VEC-MRI for assessing PAP in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods and Results: We evaluated 34 children with CHD. Qp and systemic blood flows (Qs) were determined by cardiac catheterization and VEC-MRI. The right-to-left Qp ratio (R/L) was measured by pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy and VEC-MRI. The pulmonary-to-systemic blood pressure ratio (Pp/Ps) was determined by cardiac catheterization. The acceleration time (AcT), ejection time (ET), peak velocity (PV), acceleration volume (AcV), and maximal change in flow rate during ejection (MCFR) in the pulmonary arteries, which were standardized by body surface area, were determined by VEC-MRI. The children were divided into 2 groups according to Pp/Ps. The Qs, R/L ratio and Qp/Qs obtained by VEC-MRI strongly correlated with those obtained by catheterization and scintigraphy. No significant differences in AcT, ET, AcT/ET, PV, or AcV were observed between the 2 groups. However, a significant difference was observed in MCFR. Furthermore, a significant correlation was observed between the MCFR and Pp/Ps. Conclusions: This study clearly demonstrated that VEC-MRI is useful for assessing not only blood flow, but also PAP, by referring to MCFR in children.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 3015–3022)

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